The area encompassing Williamsburg was called "the Middle Plantation". Jamestown burned down again towards the close of the 17th century, this time by accidental fires. Considering all of the trouble in Jamestown, it was decided to remove the capitol of the Colony to the Middle Plantation (Williamsburg), which had many wholespring springs, two creeks, one of which emptied into the James, the other into the York. It was said that the new site offered the advantages of a healthy and temperate situation. The plan of abandoning Jamestown as the site had been contemplated on several occasions. The actual measure for incorporating the new capital was not introduced into the General Assembly until 1699 and it was embodied in the code of 1705. There were a number of details provided for the new town. The first provision was for the appropriation of 475 square feet of land as a site for the state-house. An area of 200 feet in its immediate neighborhood was to remain unobstructed in every direction. 283 acres and 30 half-poles of land were reserved for the general uses of the town. Of this, 220 acres were designed as sites for houses and 15 acres and 44 poles were set apart for a roadbed to lead from the town to Queen's Creek, a stream flowing into the York River. At the point where the road reached the creek, 14 acres, 71 poles were laid off for a port and 23 acres as well as 37 poles on Archer's Hope Creek (later Princess Creek).
Source: Hening's Statutes, Vol. III, pp. 197, 419.
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